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As condições de trabalho na Turquia

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 32,833,54933,318,94132,317,036

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 57.55%58.08%58.09%
Men activity rate 78.14%78.39%77.95%
Women activity rate 37.45%38.15%38.54%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
45 hours
Retirement Age
The retirement age is 58 for women and 60 for men.
Working Contracts
Work contracts are governed by individual negotiation. The formality of the work contract and the conditions of dismissal are rigid (dismissals must be justified only if the firm has more than 30 employees).
Labour Laws
Doing Business: Turkey, to obtain a summary of labour regulations that apply to local enterprises

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
In July 2022, the national minimum wage in Turkey was fixed at TRY 5,500 per month (around USD 330).
Average Wage
In 2020, the monthly average gross earnings were 4,514 TRY per month (Statistical Institute, latest data available).
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers:

Total social contributions paid by employees are 22.5%

  • Short-term social security contributions 2%
  • Disability, old age, death 11%
  • General health insurance 7.5%
  • Unemployment  2%

Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees:

All employees, including foreign nationals, are subject to compulsory social security. Total social contributions paid by employees are 15%

  • Disability, old age, death 9%
  • General health insurance 5%
  • Unemployment 1%

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Social Partners

Employer Associations
TUMSIAD - Whole Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association
TUGIAD - Young Businessmen Association of Turkey
TUSIAD - Turkish Industry and Business Association
Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Unions in Turkey are generally not that powerful, though they are stronger in the public or semi-public sectors.
Labour Unions
DISK: Confederation of Progressive Trade Unions of Turkey
Hak-Is
Turk-Is: Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions
BASK
HAKSEN
Unionisation Rate
The unionisation rate in Turkey is currently relatively low. According to OECD data, trade union density was 6.3% in 2013, a steep decline from 28% in 2000.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Labour and Social Security
Turkish Industry and Business Association
Turkish Confederation of Employer Associations

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Últimas atualizações em April 2024