flag Turkmenistan Turkmenistan: Introdução

Capital: Ashgabat


Total Population: 6,430,770
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 13 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 53.5%
Ethnic Origins: Turkmen (over 85%), Uzbeks (nearly 6%), Russians (about 5%), as well as various other ethnic groups (a little more than 4%). (Statistics Committee of Turkmenistan)
Official Language: Turkmen
Other Languages Spoken: Russian, Uzbek, Kazakh and Others
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, Unknown 2%.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Ashgabat

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Turkmenistan Manat (TMM)

Country Overview

Area: 488,100 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic, but with an authoritarian presidential rule.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Transition country.
An economy heavily dependent on the exploitation of natural gas.
HDI*: 0.688/1
HDI (World Rank): 109/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Turkmenistan, dial 00
To call Turkmenistan, dial +993
Internet Suffix: .tm
Telephone Lines: 11.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 7.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 2,9923,2334,0223,2513,482
Exports of Goods (million USD) 10,6056,4929,37713,4259,917

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024