flag Switzerland Switzerland: Introdução

Capital: Bern


Total Population: 8,769,741
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 220 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 74.1%
Population of main cities: Zurich (421,800); Geneva (203,800); Basel (173,800); Lausanne (140,100); Bern (134,800); Winterthur (114,300); Luzern (82,600); St. Gallen (76,200); Lugano (62,300); Biel (55,000)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 62% of people of Swiss German origin, with about 23% of French Swiss origin, 8% of Italian origin and 22.7% of other backgrounds (the total exceeds 100%, as people can give more than one answer). (Swiss Federal Statistical Office)
Official Language: Switzerland has three official languages: German, French and Italian and four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch.
Other Languages Spoken: Other languages spoken include Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish and English.
Business Language(s): English, German, French and Italian
Religion: Roman Catholic (41.8%), Protestant (35.3%), Muslim (4.3%), Orthodox (1.8%), Other Christian (0.4%), Others (1%), Unspecified (4.3%), None (11.1%) (2000 census).

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Geneva, Bern, Lausanne

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)

Country Overview

Area: 41,291 km²
Type of State: Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Confederation of 26 cantons (states/provinces), which enjoy fair amount of decentralisation.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Fourth GDP per capita in the world; offshore financial services dominate the economy.
HDI*: 0.930/1
HDI (World Rank): 3/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Switzerland, dial 00
To call Switzerland, dial +41
Internet Suffix: .ch
Computers: 91.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 56.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 85.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 277,830291,981324,069357,115364,098
Exports of Goods (million USD) 313,934319,318380,194400,693420,170
Imports of Services (million USD) 141,919139,896158,899160,673191,523
Exports of Services (million USD) 135,632120,582140,510151,696169,979

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: July 2024