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FDI in Figures

Historically, Palau has not been able to attract a significant volume of foreign investment. According to UNCTAD's 2022 World Investment Report, FDI flows accounted for USD 24 million in 2020, up slightly when compared to 2019 (estimated at USD 22 million), despite the economic and health crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. It reached USD 23 million in 2021. The stock of FDI grew to USD 488 million in 2020 and USD 511 million in 2021, from USD 464 million in 2019 (UNCTAD, 2023). Traditionally, foreign investment in Palau is mostly directed towards the tourism and real estate sectors. The US, Singapore and Japan are the main investment partners.

The net inflow of foreign direct investment in Palau was reported at 9.3% of GDP in 2020 and 10.5% in 2021 according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources in March 2023.

Since 2011, the Government has started a revision of the FDI regime in order to make the country more attractive to investors. However, the Foreign Investment Regulations reserves some businesses to Palauan citizens, including wholesale or retail sale of goods, all land and water transportation, travel and tour agencies, and commercial fishing. Other sectors are semi-restricted, requiring a Palauan partner, though no fixed percent of ownership is required. The Foreign Investment Board must approve all foreign direct investment. In addition to the sector in which the investment will flow, the Board requires a statement of level of investment (in U.S. dollar amounts), the length of time the investment will be in Palau, the nationality of the investors, and the percent ownership of each investor. Foreigners cannot own land in Palau, but they can lease land and own buildings on leased land. Establishing secure land title may be complicated due to the complexity of the traditional land ownership system and occasional over-lapping claims. Other barriers to the development of foreign investment in the country are the low level of transparency in its procedures, the slow progress in resolving conflicts, the prerequisite of hiring only Palauan citizens and an annual fee for foreigners to obtain a work permit. The COVID-19 pandemic puts Small island developing economies in dire straits. A small and narrow economic base, high degree of openness and significant dependence on few large developed countries make small island economies extremely vulnerable to global economic shocks. These economies are often at the receiving end of global crises, as they are highly dependent on external flows—trade, remittances and external capital and borrowing—compared to other groups of developing countries (United Nations, 2021). The collapse in tourist arrivals not only directly affects income and employment in airlines, ground transport and hotels, but also adversely affects the rest of the economy, including agriculture and construction. Falling tourism, and subsequently, reducing tax revenues, will exacerbate fiscal balances of many small island economies and also reduce the flow of foreign direct investment (FDI), as the tourism sector is typically the largest recipient of FDI.


Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Palau East Asia & Pacific Estados Unidos Alemanha
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 7.0 6.7 9.0 5.0

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action.

Foreign Direct Investment 202020212022
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 423358
FDI Stock (million USD) 567.9600.5658.5

Source: UNCTAD - Latest available data

Note: * Greenfield Investments are a form of Foreign Direct Investment where a parent company starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities from the ground up.


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Tax Rates

Sales Tax
No sales tax is levied in Palau.
A Palau Goods and Services Tax (PGST) at the rate of 10% should come into force from 2023.
Company Tax
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 0%, Interests : 0%, Royalties : 0%.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers
7% for social security; 2.5% for healthcare fund.
Other Domestic Resources
Bureau of Revenue and Taxation
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the taxes and mandatory contributions.

Individual Taxes

Wage and salary tax Progressive rate, depending on the amount
First USD 8,000 per annum 6%
Over USD 8,000 per annum 12%

Country Comparison For Corporate Taxation

  Palau East Asia & Pacific Estados Unidos Alemanha
Number of Payments of Taxes per Year 11.0 23.4 10.6 9.0
Time Taken For Administrative Formalities (Hours) 52.0 195.1 175.0 218.0
Total Share of Taxes (% of Profit) 76.6 33.8 36.6 48.8

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

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Investment Opportunities

Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Tenders Info, Tenders in Palau
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide
Setting Up a Company
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Palau.

Business Setup Procedures

Setting Up a Company Palau East Asia & Pacific
Procedures (number) 8.00 7.25
Time (days) 28.00 29.73

Source: Doing Business.


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Latest Update: November 2023