Eslovênia flag Eslovênia: Contexto político-econômico

O quadro político da Eslovênia

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Natasa PIRC MUSAR (since 23 December 2022)
Prime Minister: Robert GOLOB (since 1 June 2022)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2027
National Council: 2027
National Assembly: 2026
Main Political Parties
Slovenia is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The major parties in Slovenia are:

- Freedom Movement (GS): centre to centre-left, party to the ruling coalition government
- Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS): centre-right
- Social Democrats (SD): centre-left
- The Left (Levica): eco-socialist
- New Slovenia (NSi): centre-right, pro-European

Other parties include:
- List of Marjan Sarec (LMS): social-liberal, populist, primary opposition party
- Party of Alenka Bratušek (SAB): centre, social liberism
- Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners (DeSUS): centrist, party to the ruling coalition government
- Slovanian National Party (SNS): slovenian nationalism
- Alliance of Social Liberal Democrats (ZSD).

Executive Power
The President is the head of the state and is elected by a popular vote for a five-year term (renewable once). The role of the President is largely ceremonial. Following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually nominated to become Prime Minister by the President and elected by the National Assembly to serve a four-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of the government and enjoys the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The Council of Ministers (cabinet) is nominated by the Prime Minister and elected by the National Assembly.
Legislative Power
The legislature is bicameral in Slovenia. The parliament consists of:

  • National Assembly (the lower house) having 90 seats; out of which 88 are elected through proportional voting and 2 members are elected by ethnic minorities, members serve four-year terms,
  • National Council (the upper house, more like an advisory body) having 40 seats; with its members elected indirectly (members representing social, economic, professional, and local interests) to serve five-year terms.

The National Assembly is the most important power centre in the country. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister cannot dissolve the parliament, only the president can do it in certain circumstances.

 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
36/180
 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Free
Political Freedom:
1/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Últimas atualizações em April 2024