Zimbabwe flag Zimbabwe: Operating a Business in Zimbabwe

Work conditions in Zimbabwe

The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 6,908,6007,037,0396,985,536

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 84.01%83.97%83.98%
Men activity rate 89.90%89.73%89.60%
Women activity rate 78.94%79.00%79.11%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

For Further Statistics
Bureau of Statistics
For Further Information About the Labour Market
ILO Working Paper, Study of the International Labor Organization

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
The law does not provide for standard working hours per week, but it stipulates that employees are entitled to 24 consecutive hours of rest per week. The maximum work hours per week are negotiated between the unions and employees in each sector. It is forbidden to work more than 12 consecutive hours.
Retirement Age
60 years
Working Contracts
A work contract does not have to be written. If the working time is not mentioned, it is considered permanent. Casual work is considered permanent the day on which the period of work exceeds a total of six weeks during four consecutive months.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to businesses.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
Minimum wage varies according to the sector: US$296/month in the public sector, US$238 in the mining sector, US$65 for agricultural laborers.
Average Wage
An average wage is around US$253 per month.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 3.5%
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: 3.5%

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Collective bargaining takes place through the National Employment Council in each industry, which is composed of representatives of workers, employers and the government. The right to form or join a union, to strike or bargain collectively is generally not respected; the government habitually harasses trade unions and their leaders, and makes efforts to prevent and suppress demonstrations.
Labour Unions
Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU)
Commercial Farmers Union of Zimbabwe
Unionisation Rate
The rate of unionization is 13.9% according to the ILO.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Protection

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Latest Update: May 2024