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Work conditions in Russia

The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 73,825,99772,674,67071,903,592

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 74.15%74.43%73.96%
Men activity rate 79.88%80.00%79.37%
Women activity rate 68.88%69.30%68.97%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

For Further Statistics
World Bank
Federal education portal (in Russian)
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Russian Union of Industrialists and Businessmen

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours a week
Retirement Age
Retirement is possible from age 55 for women and age 60 for men (after they have provided a 5 year contribution to the private sector and 15 to the public sector).
Working Contracts
A work contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiation.
Contracts can be permanent or fixed-term. The use of a fixed-term contract must be justified.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labour regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
Since 1 June 2022, the monthly minimum wage is set to 15,279 RUB (USD 243).
Average Wage
In 2021, the average nominal salary was measured at approximately RUB 56,500 per month (Statista).
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Insurance contributions are levied on companies, individual entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals. The threshold is subject to annual revision by the Russian government. The rate is 30% withholding tax, broken down into: 22% up to the threshold (RUB 1,565,000), and 10% excess of the threshold to the State Pension Fund, 2.9% (up to RUB 1,032,000) to Social Insurance Fund, 5.1% to the Federal Medical Insurance Fund. For foreign employees, a withholding tax of 1.8% is payable to the Social Insurance Fund.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: No mandatory contributions are payable by employees.

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Social Partners

Employer Associations
KSORR - Coordinating Council of Employers'Unions of Russia
RSPP - Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs
Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The scope of the unions is seriously limited by government policy and the position of strength of the Federation of Russian independent unions (FSIR), which is close to the government and prevents other unions from developing freely.
In addition, the new law on NGOs also applies to unions and limits their activity considerably.
Labour Unions
Federation of Russian Independent Unions
Unionisation Rate
46% according to the FSIR (of which 95% are members of this). Membership levels are dropping.
Labour Regulation Bodies

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Latest Update: April 2024