Romania flag Romania: Operating a Business in Romania

Work conditions in Romania

The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 9,055,0519,016,3548,967,558

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 67.40%67.93%68.75%
Men activity rate 76.29%77.13%78.20%
Women activity rate 58.37%58.59%59.13%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

For Further Statistics
Romania National Institute of Statistics
Ministry of Labour
For Further Information About the Labour Market
European Commission, Information on the labour market

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
According to the Romanian Labour Code, working hours must be uniform: 8 hours per day for 5 days with 2 days off per week. The minimum length of annual vacation is 20 work days.
Retirement Age
60 years old for women and 65 years old for men.
Working Contracts
The employment contract is regulated by laws and, to a lesser extent, by collective agreements and individual cases.
The formalisation of the work contract and employment conditions are extremely rigid.
Romania has the same main types of work contracts known in Western Europe: the contract for an indefinite duration, the contract for a fixed-term of employment and the contract from an agency placing temporary workers. One can also work part time or at home.
Note: it is prohibited to employ minors under the age of 15.
Labour Laws
Consult the Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labour regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
In 2021, the minimum wage is around RON 2,300 per month (EUR 458.07) according to the data from Eurostat.
Average Wage
According to data from the National Institute of Statistics of Romania, the monthly gross average salary stands at RON 5,549 in 2021.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Work insurance: 2.25%
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Pension: 25%
Health fund: 10%

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Social Partners

Employer Associations
CCIR - Chamber of Commerce of Romania
CNIPMMR - National Council of SMEs Private Enterprises in Romania
Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Trade unions play a relatively important role in the Romanian work sector. The unions include the National Free Trade Union Confederation of Romania (C.N.S.L.R.- FRÃTIA) and the Alfa Cartel.
Labour Unions
IndustriAll Global Union
Unionisation Rate
About 40% of employees are unionised.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Labour

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Latest Update: May 2024