flag Libya Libya: Statistical Overview

Capital: Tripoli


Total Population: 6,812,341
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 81.3%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Tripoli (940,700); Benghazi (562,100); Misratah (502,700); Murqub (448,300); Jafara (443,800)
Ethnic Origins: About 89% is Arab and/or Berber. The country has a very large majority of Arabs, a few Tuaregs (essentially in the Fezzan, along the border with Algeria and Niger) and a minority that identifies as Berber (in the Djebel Nefusa and at Zwara). (Bureau of Statistics and Census Libya)
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English, Italian.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslims (97% of the population).
Literacy Rate: 84.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tripoli

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Lybian Dinar (LYD)

Country Overview

Area: 1,759,540 km²
Type of State: The legal system in post-revolution Libya is undergoing constant change, influenced by both governmental and non-governmental entities.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy dependent on the hydrocarbon sector. The country is in economic transition..
Since 1999, the Libyan authorities have aimed at making the Libyan economy more efficient through a policy of opening up and liberalization which benefits the private sector and investment. Libya is currently facing a political transition which affects its economy.
HDI*: 0.724/1
HDI (World Rank): 94/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Libya, dial 00
To call Libya, dial +218
Internet Suffix: .ly
Telephone Lines: 12.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 19.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 22,69412,91217,43229,63420,523
Exports of Goods (million USD) 29,0589,31233,41737,68635,270
Imports of Services (million USD) 7,6425,18600n/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 26822600n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024