Kazakhstan flag Kazakhstan: Operating a Business in Kazakhstan

Work conditions in Kazakhstan

The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 9,034,7379,060,0018,778,458

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 76.38%76.56%76.59%
Men activity rate 81.58%81.72%81.67%
Women activity rate 71.45%71.67%71.76%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database


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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours
Retirement Age
61 years
Working Contracts
The labor contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiation.
The formalism of labor contract is very rigid. The procedures for layoff and hiring are rather flexible.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
In 2021, the minimum wage is KZT 42,500 per month according to the Ministry of Finance of Kazakhstan.
Average Wage
According to data from the Statistics Agency of Kazakhstan, the gross average monthly wage is around KZT 223,213 in 2021.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 20% of covered earnings (3,5% for social insurance, 2% for health insurance, 5% for pension and 9.5% for social tax).
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Every employee should pay 10% of his salary to a pension fund whose present withdrawals benefit them and they should also contribute to their own withdrawal as well as 2% of his salary for health insurance.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The employees are protected against any anti union discrimination by the law. But violations to this law have taken place (union members have been dismissed and threatened). Big enterprises have also created conditions so that creation of a union and collective negotiations are rendered impossible.

The law guarantees the right to strike but its application is legally highly controlled. The government has drawn a list of strategic industries and companies in which strike is authorised according to certain conditions. Generally, the employees can only go on strike if a dispute has not been resolved through existing arbitration channels. The employees should necessarily give the employers an advance notice of 15 days for the strike.

Federation of Unions
Unionisation Rate
32.8 % in 2006 (as per Federation of Unions)
Labour Regulation Bodies
Labor Ministry

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Latest Update: November 2022