Iraq flag Iraq: Business Environment

Business law in Iraq

Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The independence of the judiciary is guaranteed by Article 87 of the 2005 Constitution. Nevertheless, according to Human Rights Watch, the abuses in the criminal justice system are a major concern in Iraq, and the criminal justice system is plagued with arbitrariness and opacity.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreign nationals participating in Iraqi criminal proceedings have all the rights that are provided to Iraqi nationals. They are additionally granted some specific rights as well given also the possibility to request their countries for judicial cooperation in respect of the alleged or proven crimes committed by them. In practice, this equality may not be applied.
The Language of Justice
The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
Recourse to an Interpreter
Foreigners can ask for an interpreter.
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The Council of Representatives and the Federation Council have the legislative power in Iraq.
Checking National Laws Online
Iraqi law database

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Latest Update: July 2022