Hong Kong SAR, China flag Hong Kong SAR, China: Operating a Business in Hong Kong SAR, China

Work conditions in Hong Kong SAR, China

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 3,961,5333,940,6343,807,825

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 71.96%72.26%72.27%
Men activity rate 80.31%80.62%80.86%
Women activity rate 65.13%65.47%65.34%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Statistics, regarding the education level of households and residents

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
Between 40 and 48 hours
Retirement Age
There is no legal age for retirement, but the average age is around 62 years.
Working Contracts
The labor contract is mainly drawn-up by the law. It is completed by collective negotiations and agreements.
The formalism of the labour contract, hiring conditions and lay-off constraints are relatively flexible. CDI and the CDD are the two existing types of contracts.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
According to the Hong Kong Labour Department, the minimum wage for non-domestic workers is HKD 37.5 per hour. This rate will be reviewed by the end of 2022. 
Average Wage
According to the Census and Statistics Department, the gross median monthly employment wage is HKD 18,700 in 2021.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Employers are required to deduct 5% and contribute a further 5% to the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF), calculated on a maximum income of HKD 30,000.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: For employees with monthly income above HKD 7,100, a 5% withholding tax (capped at HKD 1,500) is levied as contribution to the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF).

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Social Partners

Employer Associations
EFHK - Employers Federation of Hong Kong
Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions - (HKCTU) gathers several trade unions. Their power remains very weak.
Labour Unions
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (HKFTU)
Unionisation Rate
The unionization rate was about 23.6% in 2011.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Labour Department

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Latest Update: April 2024