Bosnia and Herzegovina flag Bosnia and Herzegovina: Business Environment

Business law in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The legal system of Bosnia and Herzegovina is partly free.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
The Bosnian Constitution gives the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in theory, the greatest human rights protection standards. However, many of the political posts within the Government are based on an ethnic-based quota system, meaning citizens that do not identify as one of the three major ethnic groups of the country are ineligible to run for any state-level presidency. Foreigners are treated the same as citizens in the eyes of the justice system.
The Language of Justice
Any of the official languages: Bosnian, Serbian or Croat.
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely based on the Dayton Peace Agreement, signed in 1995 and drafted with the help of the international community (especially the U.S. and EU). The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska both have their own constitutions that must also be in conformity with the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has applied for membership with the European Union. If accepted, it will need to adapt and transition its laws to comply with European Union laws.

Checking National Laws Online
Laws of Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Office of the High Representative
Bosnia and Herzegovina law guide, Library of Congress

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Latest Update: April 2024